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Lebenslauf Kurt Georg Kiesinger

> Germany > Politiker > Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands > Kurt Georg Kiesinger
Kurt Georg Kiesinger Kurt Georg Kiesinger
Kurt Georg Kiesinger
War ein deutscher Politiker, Jurist und privater juristischer Repetitor. | Was a German politician, statesman and jurist. Died in 1988.
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KANDIDATENBESCHREIBUNG: 

Kurt Georg Kiesinger Lebenslauf

GER:

 

Kurt Georg Kiesinger (* 6. April 1904 in Ebingen, Württemberg; † 9. März 1988 in Tübingen) war ein deutscher Jurist und privater juristischer Rechtslehrer (Repetitor). Er war NSDAP-Mitglied seit 1933. Ab 1940 arbeitete er als Angestellter im Auswärtigen Amt zuletzt als Stellvertretender Leiter der Rundfunkabteilung. Nach 1945 wurde er Politiker als Mitglied der CDU; von 1958 bis 1966 Ministerpräsident von Baden-Württemberg, von 1966 bis 1969 dritter Bundeskanzler der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und von 1967 bis 1971 Bundesvorsitzender der CDU. Kiesinger war der erste deutsche Bundeskanzler, der mit einer Großen Koalition regierte. In seine Amtszeit fielen die Einführung der Notstandsgesetze und die Hauptphase der Außerparlamentarischen Opposition. Seine frühere Karriere im Staatsapparat des NS-Regimes wurde ihm während seiner ganzen Zeit als Politiker in der Bundesrepublik in gewissen Zeitabständen immer wieder vorgehalten.

 

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ENG:

 

Kurt Georg Kiesinger (6 April 1904 – 9 March 1988) was a German politician affiliated with the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). He was Chancellor of West Germany from 1 December 1966 until 21 October 1969.

 

Early life

Born in Ebingen, Kingdom of Württemberg (now Baden-Württemberg), Kiesinger was educated in Berlin and became a lawyer. As a student, he joined the (non-couleur wearing) Roman Catholic corporations Alamannia Tübingen and Askania-Burgundia Berlin. He became a member of the Nazi Party in February 1933, a few weeks after Hitler became chancellor. In 1940, he was called to arms but avoided mobilization by finding a job in the foreign ministry's radio propaganda department, rising quickly to become the ministry's connection with Goebbels' propaganda ministry. After the war, he was interned and spent 18 months in the Ludwigsburg camp before being released as a case of mistaken identity.

 

Political activity

By the time the first national elections were held in the Federal Republic in 1949, Kiesinger had joined the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and won a seat in the Bundestag, the West German parliament. In 1951 he became a member of the CDU executive board. During that time, he became known for his rhetorical brilliance, as well as his in-depth knowledge of foreign affairs. However, despite the recognition he enjoyed within the Christian Democrat parliamentary faction, he was passed over during various cabinet reshuffles. Consequently, he decided to switch from federal to state politics: He was appointed Prime Minister (Ministerpräsident) of the state of Baden-Württemberg on 17 December 1958, an office in which he served until 1 December 1966.

 

In 1966 following the collapse of the existing CDU/CSU-FDP coalition Kiesinger was elected to replace Ludwig Erhard as Chancellor, heading a new CDU/CSU-SPD alliance. The government formed by Kiesinger remained in power for nearly three years with the SPD leader Willy Brandt as Deputy Federal Chancellor and Foreign Minister. Kiesinger reduced tensions with the Soviet bloc nations establishing diplomatic relations with Czechoslovakia, Romania and Yugoslavia but he opposed any major conciliatory moves.

 

After the election of 1969, the SPD preferred to form a coalition with the FDP, ending the uninterrupted post-war reign of the CDU chancellors. Kiesinger was succeeded as Chancellor by Willy Brandt. Kiesinger continued to head the CDU/CSU in opposition until July 1971 and remained a member of the Bundestag until 1980. Of his memoirs only part one (Dark and Bright Years) was completed, covering the years up to 1958. He died in Tübingen. After a requiem mass in Stuttgart's St. Eberhard church, his funeral procession was followed by protesters (mainly students) who wanted his entire legacy remembered - even after his death - especially his former membership in the Nazi Party.

 

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9 Oktober 2012

updated: 2013-12-04

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